Useful Links

The following is a list of Web addresses that we hope you will find relevant to the material typically published in The Internet Protocol Journal. This is by no means intended to be a complete list of organizations that are related to Internet development in one way or another, but this list should give you a good starting point.

If you have suggestions for other pointers to include, please drop us a line at

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). The primary standards-setting body for Internet technologies.

Internet-Drafts are working documents of the IETF, its areas, and its working groups. Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. Internet-Drafts are not an archival document series. These documents should not be cited or quoted in any formal document. Unrevised documents placed in the Internet-Drafts directories have a maximum life of six months. After that time, they must be updated, or they will be deleted. Some Internet-Drafts become RFCs (see below).

The Request For Comments (RFC) document series. The RFCs form a series of notes, started in 1969, about the Internet (originally the ARPANET). The notes discuss many aspects of computer communication, focusing on networking protocols, procedures, programs, and concepts but also including meeting notes, opinion, and sometimes humor. The specification documents of the Internet protocol suite, as defined by IETF and its steering group the IESG, are published as RFCs. Thus, the RFC publication process plays in important role in the Internet standards process.

The Internet Society (ISOC) is a non-profit, non-governmental, international, professional membership organization dedicated to promoting the open development, evolution and use of the Internet for the benefit of all people throughout the world. ISOC is the organizational home of the IETF.

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) ” … is the non-profit corporation that was formed to assume responsibility for the IP address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system management, and root server system management functions previously performed under U.S. Government contract by IANA and other entities.”

The North American Network Operators’ Group (NANOG) ” … provides a forum for the exchange of technical information, and promotes discussion of implementation issues that require community cooperation. Coordination among network service providers helps ensure the stability of overall service to network users.”

The Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) provide IP address block assignments for Internet Service Providers and others. In addition, the RIRs have formed the Number Resource Organization (NRO) There are five RIRs:

African Network Information Centre (AfriNIC)

American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN)

Asia Pacific Network Information Centre (APNIC)

Latin American and Caribbean Internet Addresses Registry (LACNIC)

RIPE Network Coordination Centre (RIPE NCC)

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) ” … develops interoperable technologies (specifications, guidelines, software, and tools) to lead the Web to its full potential as a forum for information, commerce, communication, and collective understanding.”

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) “… is an international organization within which governments and the private sector coordinate global telecom networks and services.”

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) ” … is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies from some 140 countries, one from each country. The mission of ISO is to promote the development of standardization and related activities in the world with a view to facilitating the international exchange of goods and services, and to developing cooperation in the spheres of intellectual, scientific, technological and economic activity. ISO’s work results in international agreements which are published as International Standards.”

ConneXions – The Interoperability Report was published monthly from 1987 through 1996. The Charles Babbage Institute at the University of Minnesota has scanned the complete collection of ConneXions (117 issues) and it is now available here:

Then scroll down to “Outside Authors” and select:
“ConneXions–The Interoperability Report (1987-1996) Edited by Ole Jacobsen.”

The collection has also been placed in the Internet Archive:


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